International Journal of Environmental Engineering
Author(s) : MARWA ADEL EL SAYED, NOURHAN MAGDY MOHAMED
Rapid urbanization and population growth since 1980 have become central issues in big cities of developing countries like Egypt. As Egypt was experiencing active modernization processes in the twentieth century, its urban population has increased very significantly both in its numbers and proportions. With the rapid economic growth and urban expansion, the demand for building and infrastructure construction has also increased rapidly, particularly in the residential sector. Undoubtedly, the urban system plays a dominant role in establishing Egypt's energy consumption profile, where the CO2 emissions from Egyptian cities and their share in country emissions have a powerful influence on achieving the country's national carbon emission reduction target. While many countries have recognized the significant role of urban planning in the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, the spatial planning framework in Egypt is still lacking applications in this aspect. The scope of this paper is to develop a method for calculating carbon emission associated with urban activities at the city scale. Thus, the study proposes a new model for accounting the CO2 emitted from the different land uses within the city and to balance the carbon cycle with green structure planning based on the Ecological factor threshold method.