International Journal of Business and Management Study
Author(s) : MANAL MASHHOUR ELSAID, NOURAN ABD EL HAMID, RASHA SALEH MANSOUR
The This study is based on the study of the impact of economic freedom on foreign direct investment in the Arab countries, namely, (Algeria, Jordan, UAE, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Iraq, Kuwait, Morocco, Yemen, Tunisia, Comoros, Djibouti, Syria, Oman, Qatar , Lebanon, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania) during the period from 2008 to 2014. The measurement of foreign direct investment (FDI) by net inflows of foreign direct investment as a percentage of GDP. And measured economic freedom index of Economic Freedom published by the Wall Street Journal and the Foundation Heritage, in terms of economic freedom ten elements such as business freedom, freedom of trade, fiscal freedom, government spending, monetary freedom, investment freedom, financial freedom, property rights, freedom from corruption , and freedom of action. The regression results show that the commercial freedom negatively linked to foreign direct investment, while the economic freedom, financial freedom, financial freedom, and the freedom to work positively linked to foreign direct investment. The business freedom, trade freedom government spending, monetary freedom, investment freedom, financial freedom, property rights, freedom from corruption does not significantly affect the results. And the respect of GDP and GDP per capita is significantly positive and in foreign direct investment. This means that the net foreign direct investment flows to the Arab countries attracted by the organizational efficiency and the size of the market, instead of the rule of law, limited government and open markets.