International Journal of Social Science and Human Behavior Study
Author(s) : DHAMMIKA K. MANTHUNGA, N. GUNAWARDHANA
Sri Lanka’s location and its wealth and resources were also the promptings, behind many of foreign invasions. The two Damiḷas, Sēna and Guttaka, sons of a freighter who brought horses hither, conquered the king Sūratissa, at the head of a great army and reigned both (together) twenty-two years justly. As mentioned in the Sri Lankan Chronicles, Tamils came to the island as horse traders. The king Gajabāhu had built a big hall for the horses in the city. In Āvāmadāyikā Vimāna Vaṇṇanā in the Vimānavatthu Aṭṭhakathā (Paramattha Dīpanī) when a dhamma word explained the following example has been given. The gruel dāna is worth than one hundred kahavaṇu, one hundred horses belonging to the clan of Aśwarata, one hundred chariots and the jewelleries of one hundred thousand women. This may give some indications on the trade of horses. The high breed of horses belonged to the Aśwarata. One story in the Vērañja Kāṇḍa in the Vinayaṭṭhakathā (Samantapāsādikā) mentions that the horse traders have come from the Uttarāpatha in India with the five hundred horses. It is further mentioned that the Uttarāpatha is good for breeding horses. Strabo on the authority of Megasthenese, states that during the Mauryan period there was a royal monopoly on the ownership of horses. There was an active private trade in horses, though unlike other commodities, it was the king who decided the price of the animal (Taṇḍulanāli Jātaka). The horse was not a common possession and only a few chiefs are described as possessing horses and chariots. The Arthaśāstra describes that the best quality of horses as those from Kāmbōja, Siṇdhu, Aratta and Vanayu Kāmbōja. In this research all the aspects are going to be discussed.