Journals Proceedings

International Journal of Social Science and Human Behavior Study

Poverty and Child Labour among Households in Nigeria by

Author(s) : ASOGWA, B.C. , ONOJA, R. , UMEH, E.U., UMEH, J.C.


The study focused on the relationship between poverty and child labour in Nigeria. One thousand, one hundred and sixty household respondents were drawn from Kaduna State, a State which is mid-way to the relatively poor North and relatively rich South. Randomized sampling technique dominated the sampling procedure. Inferential and descriptive statistics are adopted for the analysis. The mean values of age, household size, years spent in school, farming experience, farm size and income are 46.65 years, 7.0, 6 years, 25.84 years, 1.23 ha and N 58,419 (US$ 343.64) respectively. About 55% of the population live in absolute poverty as per consumption poverty measured by the head count index. The depth of poverty, severity of poverty and welfare gap in the study area were 0.266, 0.156 and 0.386 respectively. About 21% and 7% of the children engage in unpaid family business and work for wage respectively. Age, gender, education, household type and poverty gap are significant determinants of child labour. Definite measures like poverty reduction interventions – improvement in access to education facilities, water supply and energy sources, improvement in employment and anti-child labour campaign are urgently required.

No fo Author(s) : 4
Page(s) : 22 - 26
Electronic ISSN : 2374 - 1627
Volume 2 : Issue 2
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