International Journal of Advancements in Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering
Author(s) : JAESOO KIM, JONGWOOK CHOI , KYUNGHWAN LEE, SEONGHYUN HAN
The inertance pulse tube cryocooler (IPTC) is well known as one of the most effective cryocooler for the cooling of infrared imaging detectors and superconducting technologies. The reciprocating flow in an IPTC was modeled with a computational thermal fluid dynamics. Two dimensional modeling consists of the flows in the cylinder of compressor, a regenerator, a pulse tube, heat exchangers, an inertance tube, and a gas reservoir. The user-defined function was applied to the compression and expansion stroke of piston in the compressor. It was confirmed that the temperature at the cold heat exchanger decayed to the lowest temperature with an oscillating convergence due to the compression and expansion of piston in the compressor. The spatial distributions of temperature and flow velocity are also compared for the piston at the top dead center and bottom dead center during compression and expansion strokes.