International Journal of Advances in Computer Networks and Its Security
Author(s) : MEHDI TARHANI, ALI MAHANI, SAMAN SIAVOSHI, YOUSEF S. KAVIAN
The energy limitations and associated problems are main challenging issues for designing and employing battery powered wireless sensor networks (WSNs). This paper proposes a novel energy-efficient clustering protocol. The protocol uses a new algorithm for distributing cluster heads (CHs) in network. The cluster formation structure is used for load balancing among far and near cluster heads to the base station (BS). The paper focuses on intra-cluster communication and CHs use single hop scheme to communicate with BS. The protocol works well in small size networks. Simulation results verify that proposed protocol outperform over LEACH and TCAC protocols for 29% and 10% in term of functional network lifetime respectively.