International Journal of Civil & Structural Engineering
Author(s) : AHMED MAHMOUD DARWISH AHMED ETTISH, ALY HASSAN, MOUNIR MAHMOUD MOGHAZZY ABDEL-AAL
Transport mode choice in Alexandria has radically changed during the last decades, since many trips were shifted from public transport to private transport and informal public transport. This research aims at analyzing the sensitivity of transport mode choice in Alexandria under different transport policies and assess the impact on modal shift to public transport. For that aim, a Multinomial Logit Model for Alexandria has been developed, calibrated using Biogeme Software. Having validated the calibrated model, the behavior of modal split under different policies is analyzed. The proposed transport policies includes improving public transport attributes and/or increasing trip cost for other transport modes. The analyses results reveal that improving current public transport trip time and trip cost have moderate and minor effect on modal shift to public transport share respectively. Improving public transport utility constant has a significant effect, which can be achieved by introducing reliable, attractive, efficient and frequent public transport system. The impact of increasing private car, taxi and collective taxi trip cost on modal shift to current public transport is minor. The combination between the proposed push and pull policies may achieve a modal shift to public transport mode effectively.